Heat Therapy vs Cold Therapy
The use of ice packs or heating pads is recommended during treatment for many conditions ranging from arthritis to pulled muscles swelling and pain, which is extremely beneficial. But in which situations to use hot compress and in which situations it is necessary to know about cold compress.
Sometimes both types of treatment are included in some situations. So today’s article is about cold compress and hot compress, where you will learn about the advantages and disadvantages of cold therapy and heat therapy and how to use it. ( Heat therapy vs Cold therapy )
Since both heat therapy (warm compress) and cold therapy (cold compress) can help in relieving pain. These are selected based on the type and cause of the pain. Ice packs are used to treat bruising or pain as well as swelling. And heat (heating pads) are used to treat muscle pain or stiffness. Now we will know in detail about heat therapy vs cold therapy.
- Heat Therapy vs Cold Therapy
- What is Heat Therapy?
- Types of Heat Therapy ( Heat therapy vs Cold therapy )
- How to use Heat therapy ?
- Benefits of Heat Therapy/ Heat therapy Benefit
- When should you not use Heat therapy
- Benefit of heat therapy in Back pain
- Risks of heat therapy (Heat therapy vs Cold therapy)
- What is Cold Therapy?
- Types of Cold Therapy (Heat therapy vs Cold therapy)
- How to use cold therapy
- Benefits of cold therapy
- When should you not use cold therapy
- Risks of cold therapy
- Heat therapy vs Cold therapy
What is Heat Therapy?
Heat therapy works to improve circulation and increase blood flow to a particular area caused by high temperatures. You can use heat therapy to cure chronic pain. By increasing the temperature of the area affected by pain and swelling, this treatment can reduce symptoms and increase muscle flexibility. Heat therapy can heal damaged tissue by relaxing or calming the muscles. ( Heat therapy vs Cold therapy )
Basic heat therapy or thermotherapy can typically include the use of hot water bottles, heating pads that can be heated in the microwave, or warm baths.
Types of Heat Therapy ( Heat therapy vs Cold therapy )
There are two different types of heat therapy: dry heat and moist heat. The goal of both types of heat therapy is to provide heat to the muscles and tissues. ( Heat therapy vs Cold therapy
Dry heat – Dry heat or “conducted heat therapy” includes sources such as heating pads, dry heating pads, and even saunas. It’s easy to put on this summer.
Moist heat – Moist heat or “convection heat” includes sources such as steamed moist heating packs or hot baths. Moist heat can be slightly more effective than dry heat and requires less time to use to achieve the same results. This healing process can heat the tissues to a greater depth.
How to use Heat therapy ?
You can use heat therapy to treat a local, area, or whole body. Local therapy is best for small areas of pain such as a stiff muscle. If you want to treat a specific injury, you can use small heated gel packs or a hot water bottle. Steamed towels, large heating pads, or heat wraps can be used to treat a more extensive area for pain or stiffness. Apart from this, a hot bath is a very good option in the treatment of the whole body. ( Heat therapy vs Cold therapy )
Electric heating pads, hot water bottles, and hot compresses can be used to safely apply hot compresses to the affected area for pain and swelling.
For a hot bath, the affected area should be soaked or bathed in warm water between 92 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit or 33 to 37.7 degrees Celsius.
Heat therapy of only 15 to 20 minutes can be adopted to relieve minor stiffness or tension in any part of the body. ( Heat therapy vs Cold therapy )
In case of moderate to severe pain, immediate benefits can be obtained from a hot bath for 30 minutes to two hours.
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If you are prohibited from using cold therapy or are at risk of developing other problems with the use of cold therapy, then you will find it more beneficial to use heat therapy instead.
Benefits of Heat Therapy/ Heat therapy Benefit
Heat therapy is generally more effective than cold therapy in treating chronic muscle or joint pain caused by arthritis. The use of heat therapy is beneficial for the treatment of chronic injury and pain. Apart from this, it is beneficial to use heat therapy during home treatment in the following situations, such as:
- In Osteoarthritis
- To reduce joint stiffness and muscle spasms
- In the treatment of sprains and sprains
- To get relief from neck pain, back pain or back pain and cramps.
When should you not use Heat therapy
There are some cases where heat therapy should not be used. It may be better to use cold therapy if there is an immediate injury or swelling (or both). Heat therapy should not be applied to an open wound area. (Heat therapy vs Cold therapy)
Individuals with certain health conditions are at higher risk of developing burns or other complications from using hot compresses, which is why those individuals should not use heat therapy. These health conditions include:
- Peripheral neuropathy or diabetes
- Multiple sclerosis (MS)
- Vascular diseases
- Deep vein thrombosis
- Hot compresses should not be applied to any injury that is already hot (eg infection, burn or fresh injury).
Also, be sure to consult a doctor before using heat therapy if you suffer from conditions such as heart disease or high blood pressure, or if you are pregnant. ( Heat therapy vs Cold therapy )
Benefit of heat therapy in Back pain
Taking a hot shower not only relaxes the whole body but also relieves back pain. Taking a hot shower is like a heating pad. Hot water has anti-pain properties, so by taking a warm shower, it reduces swelling of the back as well as relieves its pain. ( Heat therapy vs Cold therapy )
Risks of heat therapy (Heat therapy vs Cold therapy)
- Normal “warm” temperatures should be used during heat therapy. If you use extremely hot temperatures, there is a risk of burning and scarring of the skin.
- If you have any type of infection and use heat therapy, heat therapy is more likely to increase your risk of spreading the infection.
- While applying the heat directly to the specific local area with a heating pad, the compress should not be applied for more than 20 minutes at a time. If applied for a long time, redness, blistering and burning may occur on the skin.
- If you experience an increase in swelling after using heat therapy, discontinue this treatment immediately.
- If the pain or discomfort does not subside after a week of heat therapy, or if the pain worsens within a few days, be sure to consult a doctor.
What is Cold Therapy?
Cold compresses or cold therapy are also known as cryotherapy. This treatment can relieve swelling and pain by reducing blood flow to the injury-affected area. In addition, it acts as an anesthetic by numbing the wound tissue and slowing the transmission of pain messages to the brain. Therefore, this therapy can relieve pain by temporarily reducing nerve activity.
Cold compresses or cold therapy should be adopted within 48 hours of the injury. Ice should never be applied directly to the skin. ( Heat therapy vs Cold therapy )
Types of Cold Therapy (Heat therapy vs Cold therapy)
There are many different ways cold therapy can be used on the affected area. The treatment process of cold therapy includes the following options, such as:
- ice pack or frozen gel pack
- coolant sprays
- ice massage
- ice baths, etc.
- How to use cold therapy
As part of home remedies, cold therapy or cryotherapy can be done using a water bottle filled with cold water, a cooling pad in the freezer, ice wrapped in a towel, or cold water. You should never apply a frozen object directly to the skin, as it can damage the skin and tissues.
How to use cold therapy
A cold compress or cooling pad should be applied to the inflamed area for 10 to 15 minutes, every 4 to 6 hours after every 4 to 6 hours, you can follow this treatment for 3 days in a row to relieve the pain. ( Heat therapy vs Cold therapy )
Wrap ice in a towel and place it on the painful area. Two to five times a day, while using the ice pack, massage the painful area in a circular motion for a maximum of 5 minutes. A cold compress can be made by filling a plastic bag with frozen ice, wrapping it in a dry cloth.
For an ice bath or a cold bath, you can bathe in 10 to 15 degrees Celsius cold water for 5 to 15 minutes. ( Heat therapy vs Cold therapy )
Benefits of cold therapy
The use of ice or ice packs is most beneficial for recent injuries. Cold therapy should be adopted as soon as possible after the injury. Apart from this, cold compress or cold therapy is beneficial in the following situations such as:
- to heal a recent injury
- In reducing the pain of migraine.
- To reduce muscle pain caused by exercise or athlete’s exercise
Cold therapy should be used for short periods of time, several times a day. Cold therapy should be adopted for a maximum of 10 to 15 minutes. Cold therapy should not be used for more than 20 minutes at a time to prevent damage to nerves, tissue, and skin. One can elevate the affected area during the therapy to get the best results.
Alternating cold and hot compresses can help reduce exercise-induced muscle pain.
When should you not use cold therapy
People suffering from sensory disorders, who do not feel certain sensations, should not use cold therapy at home. Because if he uses cold therapy then he may find it difficult to feel the damage caused by it.
For example, in the case of diabetes, nerve damage can reduce the sensitivity of the sufferer, in which case using cold compresses can be harmful. ( Heat therapy vs Cold therapy )
Also, cold therapy should not be used to relieve chronic pain of stiff muscles or joints.
This treatment is less effective for back pain. Back pain is often caused by increased muscle tension, in which case using an ice pack can make the pain worse.
A person suffering from poor circulation should also not use cold therapy.
Cold therapy should not be adopted by a person susceptible to cold.
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Risks of cold therapy
- If you use cold therapy for too long, it can result in damage to the skin, tissue or nerves, etc.
- Consult a doctor before using cold therapy if you have cardiovascular disease or heart disease.
- Beware of side effects like numbness, tingling, redness, or irritation of the skin.
- If cold therapy doesn’t improve pain or swelling within 48 hours, contact your doctor.
- If a person is suffering from heart disease, consult a doctor before using cold therapy.
- If the bruising or swelling does not subside within 48 hours of taking cold therapy, see a doctor.
In conclusion, heat therapy vs ice therapy both the process is equally important and serve there best in purpose but most important is that both the process must be used correctly following an injury to maximize their effects on reduction of pain, assist with tissue healing, control swelling and increase flexibility.
Without a proper selection technique and understanding of the cause of injury, it can worsen an injury and slow down the recovery process. So think more about the type and cause of injury before the selection of any of the processes.
Heat therapy vs Cold therapy
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