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HEALTHDISEASESHeartburn: Effective Prevention Causes, symptoms, treatments

Heartburn: Effective Prevention Causes, symptoms, treatments


Heartburn: Causes, symptoms, treatments, and Prevention

All of you must have felt the symptoms related to burning in the chest or chest at one time or another. A burning sensation in the chest is known as heartburn. In this condition, the burning pain just behind the breastbone is often aggravated after eating, and when lying down or bending over. The problem of heartburn is common in most situations and it can be overcome by making lifestyle changes and adopting some home remedies. But more frequent heartburn can interfere with routine and be a symptom of a more serious condition that needs treatment.

In this article, you will learn about what is heartburn, why heartburn occurs, its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and preventive measures to get rid of heartburn.

What is Heartburn – What is Heartburn in English

Heartburn, also known as heartburn, is often accompanied by a bitter taste in the throat or mouth. In this condition, there is a burning sensation in the upper part of your abdomen or under the breastbone. This condition may be made worse or more severe by eating too much food or lying down.

In general, you can successfully treat heartburn symptoms at home. However, if recurrent heartburn makes it difficult to eat or swallow, it may be a sign or symptom of a more serious health problem that requires medical attention.

Symptoms of Heartburn

Symptoms of Heartburn

Heartburn is a burning sensation in the chest or center of the chest, behind the sternum or breastbone. Apart from this, burning can also be felt in the throat. Therefore, in the case of heartburn, the following symptoms can be felt such as:

  • Chest pain when bending over or lying down
  • Hot, acidic, bitter, or salty taste in the back of the throat
  • difficulty swallowing
  • nausea and vomiting
Causes of Heartburn

Causes of Heartburn

Heartburn usually occurs when stomach contents (eg acid, food) back up into the esophagus.

The esophagus is a tube that carries food and liquids from the mouth to the stomach. Heartburn symptoms can be triggered by a problem with the muscular valve called the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). The LES, also known as the cardiac sphincter, is where the esophagus meets the stomach.

When the cardiac sphincter does not function properly, contents from the stomach leak back into the esophagus, causing symptoms of heartburn.

Lying in bed right after a meal can also cause heartburn. Since the food is not digested properly by lying on the bed after eating, due to which the amount of acid in the stomach increases for the digestion of food. The amount of excess acid produced in the stomach and food material can come up in the esophagus, causing severe burning in the throat and chest.

Heartburn can also occur due to overeating and too much pressure in the stomach (eg, obesity, pregnancy, or constipation).

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Causes of Heartburn

Heartburn Risk Factors

Factors that increase the risk of heartburn and worsen symptoms include:

  • consuming caffeine, chocolate, or alcohol
  • having spicy food
  • to smoke
  • being overweight or obese
  • lying down immediately after eating
  • the stress
  • lack of sleep
  • Taking certain medications, such as aspirin or ibuprofen, etc.

Complications of Heartburn

Long-term heartburn problems can affect your health in a bad way. Recurrent heartburn, if not diagnosed and treated in time, can lead to complications, including:

  • long-lasting cough
  • esophageal inflammation or ulceration
  • trouble swallowing
  • Laryngitis – Inflammation of the voice box due to irritation or infection
  • Barrett’s esophagus – a condition more likely to cause esophageal cancer.

When to see a doctor for heartburn

If you experience heartburn more than twice per week, it could be a sign of a more serious condition. However, heartburn occurs with other gastrointestinal conditions, such as a stomach ulcer or gastroesophageal reflux disease. If you experience symptoms other than heartburn, contact your doctor immediately. These symptoms include:

  • difficulty swallowing and pain
  • black or bloody stools
  • shortness of breath
  • pain that travels from your back to your shoulder
  • Dizziness
  • nausea or vomiting
  • Chest pain, sweating, etc.
  • Heartburn is not related to a heart attack. Although the symptoms of these two problems can be very similar.
Heartburn Diagnosis

Heartburn Diagnosis

If you experience heartburn for a long time, it could be a sign of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). To determine whether heartburn is a symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease, a doctor may use the following tests, including:

Endoscopy – To check for abnormalities in the esophagus. In addition, a tissue sample may also be taken for biopsy under endoscopy.

Ambulatory acid probe tests – This is an esophageal pH monitoring test that is used to know when and for how long stomach acid backs up into your esophagus. In this test, a small acid monitor is inserted into the esophagus, which is connected to a small computer that you can wear on a belt or shoulder strap.

Esophageal motility testing or esophageal manometry – During this test a catheter is inserted into the esophagus which measures pressure and movement.

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Heartburn Treatment

Heartburn Treatment

To treat heartburn, a doctor may recommend the following medications, including:

  • Antacids – These drugs reduce the amount of acid in the stomach to reduce heartburn quickly. Apart from this, these medicines can also relieve the problem of stomach pain, indigestion and gas.
  • Acid blockers – These drugs reduce the amount of acid produced in your stomach.
  • Proton pump inhibitors – such as lansoprazole and omeprazole.
  • H2-receptor antagonists
  • Although these medicines are helpful in treating the problem of heartburn, but the consumption of these medicines can cause some side effects. Therefore, do not consume these medicines without the recommendation of the doctor.

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Ways to Avoid Heartbu
Ways to Avoid

Ways to Avoid Heartburn – Heartburn Prevention in English

By making lifestyle changes, everyone can reduce the risk of heartburn and avoid its symptoms. The following preventive measures can be adopted to avoid the problem of heartburn, such:

  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Avoid lying down after having a meal. Eat food at least three hours before bedtime. Avoid eating late at night.
  • If you experience heartburn while sleeping or lying down at night, elevate your head above your torso or use extra pillows.
  • Avoid smoking and consumption of alcohol.
  • Don’t eat too much food.
Avoiding Heartburn
how to avoid

Avoiding Heartburn – Heartburn Avoid Food in English

Certain foods can increase the amount of acid in the stomach and can cause the cardiac sphincter to loosen, causing heartburn. Therefore, the consumption of the following foods should be avoided in case of heartburn:

  • Tomato
  • spicy and spicy food
  • citrus fruits
  • coffee or caffeinated products
  • Chocolate
  • Liquor
  • Mint
  • Onion
  • Garlic
  • High fat and oily content.

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